Interventions for the Reduction of Salmonella Typhimurium DT 104 and Non-O157:H7 Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli on Beef Surfaces
Abstract:A study was conducted to determine if slaughter interventions currently used by the meat industry are effective against Salmonella Typhimurium definitive type 104 (DT 104) and two non-O157:H7 enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC). Three separate experiments were conducted by inoculating prerigor beef surfaces with a bovine fecal slurry containing Salmonella Typhimurium and Salmonella Typhimurium DT 104 (experiment 1), E. coli O157:H7 and E. coli O111:H8 (experiment 2), or E. coli O157:H7 and E. coli O26:H11 (experiment 3) and spray washing with water, hot water (72°C), 2% acetic acid, 2% lactic acid, or 10% trisodium phosphate (15 s, 125 ± 5 psi, 35 ± 2°C). Remaining bacterial populations were determined immediately after treatments (day 0), after 2 days of aerobic storage at 4°C, and after 7, 21, and 35 days of vacuum-packaged storage at 4°C. In addition to enumeration, confirmation of pathogen serotypes was performed for all treatments on all days. Of the interventions investigated, spray treatments with trisodium phosphate were the most effective, resulting in pathogen reductions of >3 log10 CFU/cm2, followed by 2% lactic acid and 2% acetic acid (>2 log10 CFU/cm2). Results also indicated that interventions used to reduce Salmonella Typhimurium on beef surfaces were equally effective against Salmonella Typhimurium DT 104 immediately after treatment and again after long-term, refrigerated, vacuum-packaged storage. Similarly, E. coli O111:H8 and E. coli O26:H11 associated with beef surfaces were reduced by the interventions to approximately the same extent as E. coli O157:H7 immediately after treatment and again after long-term, refrigerated, vacuum-packaged storage. It was also demonstrated that phenotypic characterization may not be sufficient to identify EHECs and that the organisms should be further confirmed with antibody- or genetic-based techniques. Based on these findings, interventions used by the meat industry to reduce Salmonella spp. and E. coli O157:H7 appear to be effective against DT 104 and other EHEC.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Roman L. Hruska U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, P.O. Box 166, Clay Center, Nebraska 68933, USA
Publication date: October 1, 2000
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