Skip to main content

Bactericidal Properties of Ozone and Its Potential Application as a Terminal Disinfectant

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


The efficacy of ozone as a terminal disinfectant was evaluated under laboratory conditions. Different microorganisms of importance to the food industry were inoculated onto stainless steel squares and incubated at various temperatures and relative humidities for up to 4 h. Survival of microorganisms from these controls was compared with identically incubated squares exposed to ozone. Exposure of the contaminated surfaces to ozone (2 ppm for 4 h) resulted in a reduction in microbial viability that ranged, depending on organism type, from 7.56 to 2.41 log values. For all the microorganisms tested, this loss in viability was significantly greater (P < 0.05) than that observed in the absence of ozone. Gram-negative bacteria were more sensitive to ozone than gram-positive organisms; bacteria were more sensitive than the yeast strain tested. Exposure to ozone (2 ppm for 4 h) in the presence of ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk resulted in a reduction in bacterial viability that ranged from 5.64 to 1.65 log values. In most cases, this reduction was significantly less (P < 0.05) than that achieved in the absence of organic material, although still significantly greater (P < 0.05) than that observed in the absence of ozone. The presence of a meat-based broth reduced the effectiveness of ozone to a greater extent, although the number of surviving gram-negative organisms was still significantly less (P < 0.05) than in the absence of ozone. Less than 1 log unit of yeast cells was destroyed when exposed to ozone in the presence of UHT milk or meat-based broth. Results of this investigation suggest that if applied after adequate cleaning ozone could be used as an effective disinfectant.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Wales Institute, Cardiff (UWIC), Food Safety Research Group, School of Applied Sciences, Colchester Avenue, Cardiff CF23 9XR, UK

Publication date: August 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more