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Comparison of Different Reducing Agents for Enhanced Detection of Heat-Injured Listeria monocytogenes

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The effect of different reducing agents (L-cysteine, Oxyrase, and Enterococcus faecium) and their combinations on the detection of heat-injured (62.8°C, 7.5 min or 10 min) Listeria monocytogenes was examined. The incorporation of L-cysteine (0.5 g/liter) yielded higher percentage detection than any of the other reducing agents (P < 0.05). The combination of Oxyrase (10 U/ml) and E. faecium (103 CFU/ml) synergistically enhanced the detection of L. monocytogenes heat-injured for 10 min at 62.8°C (P < 0.05). Simultaneous addition of L-cysteine (0.5 g/liter) and Oxyrase (10 U/ml) significantly lowered the recovery of heat-injured L. monocytogenes (P < 0.05). Higher activities of Oxyrase (50 U/ml) inhibited the detection of heat-injured L. monocytogenes (P < 0.05). The rates of depletion of relative percentage O2 were in the order: L-cysteine (0.5 g/liter; 6.63%/min) > Oxyrase (10 U/ml; 5.00%/min) > E. faecium (108 CFU/ml; 1.66%/min) > E. faecium (103 CFU/ml; 0.20%/min). The final levels of redox potential (Eh) achieved were −110.5 mV, −100 mV, −83.5 mV, and −25 mV for E. faecium (l08 CFU/ml), L-cysteine, Oxyrase, and E. faecium (103 CFU/ml), respectively.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biotechnology, Yonsei University, South Korea 2: Department of Food Science, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA

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