Qualitative Detection of Tetracycline Residues in Milk with a Luminescence-Based Microbial Method: The Effect of Milk Composition and Assay Performance in Relation to an Immunoassay and a Microbial Inhibition Assay
Abstract:Performance of Tet-Lux, a newly developed microbiological test for the detection of tetracycline residues in raw milk, based on tetracycline-controlled luminescence activation of the test bacteria, was evaluated in bovine milks with variable amounts of somatic cells, bacteria, fat, protein, and natural inhibitory compounds. The sensitivity of Tet-Lux was also compared to a commercially available tetracycline immunoassay (Snap, Idexx Laboratories Inc.) and to a microbial inhibition test (Delvotest SP, Gist-Brogades). There were slight differences in the luminescence signals between different milk samples, but no single factor could be pointed out to be responsible for them. There appeared to be a modest inverse relationship between luminescence and increasing fat and protein content. The amount of somatic cells, bacteria, and the natural inhibitors lysozyme and lactoferrin did not affect the luminescence response. The test fulﬁlled the sensitivity requirement speciﬁed by the European Union (maximum residue limit 100 ng/ml for tetracyclines). The Tet-Lux test was clearly more sensitive to all tetracyclines tested (oxytetracycline, tetracycline, chlortetracycline, doxycycline, demeclocycline, methacycline, minocycline) than Delvotest SP, and for ﬁve tetracyclines out of seven more sensitive than Snap. The test provides a fast, simple, and robust microbial method for the qualitative detection of tetracycline residues in milk.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Biotechnology, University of Turku, Tykistökatu 6A, FIN-20520 Turku, Finland
Publication date: July 1, 2000
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