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Effects of Gamma Radiation on the Conformational and Antigenic Properties of a Heat-Stable Major Allergen in Brown Shrimp

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This study was performed to evaluate the application of food irradiation technology as a method for reducing shrimp allergy without adverse effects. Shrimp heat-stable protein (HSP) was isolated and gamma irradiated at 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, or 10 kGy in the condition of solution (1 mg/ml), and fresh shrimp was also irradiated. Conformational change of irradiated HSP was monitored by means of spectrometric measures, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with mouse monoclonal antibody, or human patients' sera and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The ability of the immunoglobulin E of patients allergic to shrimp to bind to irradiated HSP was dose dependently reduced. The amount of intact HSP in an irradiated solution was reduced by gamma irradiation, depending on the dose. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that the main band disappeared and the traces induced from coagulation appeared at a higher molecular weight zone. The binding ability of immunoglobulin E to allergens in the extracts from irradiated shrimp decreased, depending on the dose. The results provide a new method so that food irradiation technology can be applied to reduce allergenicity of shrimp.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: The Team for Radiation Food Science and Biotechnology, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, P.O. Box 105, Yusong, Taejon, 305–600, Korea 2: Institute of Allergy, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, 120–749, Korea 3: Division of Life Science, Hallym University, Chunchon, 200–702, Korea

Publication date: July 1, 2000

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