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Incidence of Foodborne Illnesses Reported by the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet)—1997

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Abstract:

In 1997, the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Program (FoodNet) conducted active surveillance for cultureconfirmed cases of Campylobacter, Escherichia coli O157, Listeria, Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio, Yersinia, Cyclospora, and Cryptosporidium in five Emerging Infections Program sites. FoodNet is a collaborative effort of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Infectious Diseases, the United States Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service, the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, and state health departments in California, Connecticut, Georgia, Minnesota, and Oregon. The population under active surveillance for foodborne infections was approximately 16.1 million persons or roughly 6% of the United States Population. Through weekly or monthly contact with all clinical laboratories in these sites, 8,576 total isolations were recorded: 2,205 cases of salmonellosis, 1,273 cases of shigellosis, 468 cases of cryptosporidiosis, 340 of E. coli O157:H7 infections, 139 of yersiniosis, 77 of listeriosis, 51 of Vibrio infections, and 49 of cyclosporiasis. Results from 1997 demonstrate that while there are regional and seasonal differences in reported incidence rates of certain bacterial and parasitic diseases, and that some pathogens showed a change in incidence from 1996, the overall incidence of illness caused by pathogens under surveillance was stable. More data over more years are needed to assess if observed variations in incidence reflect yearly fluctuations or true changes in the burden of foodborne illness.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Disease, Foodborne and Diarrheal Diseases Branch, 1600 Clifton Road N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA 2: California Emerging Infections Program—San Francisco Office, 703 Market Street, Suite 705, San Francisco, California 94103, USA 3: Connecticut Emerging Infections Program, Yale University School of Public Health, 40 Temple Street, Suite 1B, New Haven, Connecticut 06510, USA 4: Georgia Emerging Infections Program, Atlanta VA Medical Center, Research 151 Room 5A-185, 1670 Clairmont Road, Decatur, Georgia 30033, USA 5: Minnesota Department of Health, Acute Disease Epidemiology, 717 Delaware Street S.E., Minneapolis, Minnesota 55414, USA 6: Oregon Health Division, 800 Northeast Oregon Street, Suite 772, Portland, Oregon 97232, USA 7: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service, Epidemiology and Risk Assessment Division, Room 3715 Franklin Court, 1400 Independence Avenue S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-3700, USA 8: Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, 200 C Street S.W., Washington, D.C. 20204, USA

Publication date: June 1, 2000

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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