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Survival of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A on Vacuum-Packaged Raw Beef Treated with Polylactic Acid, Lactic Acid, and Nisin

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Low-molecular-weight polylactic acid (LMW-PLA) and lactic acid (LA) were used to inhibit growth of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A on vacuum-packaged beef. Nisin was also used simultaneously as an additional hurdle to the growth of this pathogen. Inoculated beef cubes were immersed in a solution of 2% LMW-PLA, 2% LA, 400 IU/ml of nisin, or combinations of each acid and nisin for 5 min and drip-dried for 15 min. The cubes were then vacuum-packaged and stored at 4°C for up to 42 days. Surface pH values of beef cubes treated with 2% LMW-PLA, the combination of 400 IU/ml of nisin and 2% LMW-PLA (2% NPLA), or 400 IU/ml of nisin alone were significantly reduced from 5.59 to 5.18, 5.01, and 5.19, respectively, whereas those decontaminated with 2% LA or 400 IU/ml of nisin and 2% LA (2% NLA) were significantly decreased from 5.59 to 4.92 and 4.83, respectively, at day 0 (P ≤ 0.05). The 2% LMW-PLA, 2% LA, 2% NPLA, 2% NLA, and 400 IU/ml of nisin showed immediate bactericidal effects on L. monocytogenes Scott A (1.22-, 1.56-, 1.57-, 1.94-, and 1.64-log10 reduction, respectively) compared with the initial number of 5.33 log10 CFU/cm2 of the untreated control at day 0 (P ≤ 0.05). These treatments, combined with vacuum-packaging and refrigeration temperature, succeeded to inhibit growth of L. monocytogenes during storage up to 42 days. At the end of 42 days, the numbers of L. monocytogenes Scott A remaining viable on these samples were 1.21, 0.36, 2.21, 0.84, and 0.89 log10 CFU/cm2, respectively.

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: Department of Food Science, 122 Eckles Hall, University of Missouri–Columbia, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA

Publication date: January 1, 2000

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