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Evaluation of the Delvo-X-Press Assay for Detecting Antibiotic Residues in Milk Samples from Individual Cows

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Abstract:

Performance of the Delvo-X-Press β-lactam antibiotic assay was examined using bulk-tank milk samples and milk samples from individual cows. Bulk-tank milk samples fortified with bovine lactoferrin at a concentration of 1 mg/ml or more consistently tested positive. False-positive results were also obtained from bulk-tank milk samples fortified with bovine plasma at concentrations of 20 and 40%. The assay yielded positive results for milk with antibiotic concentrations as low as 2 ppb. Individual milk samples were collected from 144 healthy lactating cows and from 34 cows with chronic Staphylococcus aureus mastitis. Specificity estimates for samples from healthy and mastitic cows were 0.88 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.82, 0.93) and 0.94 (95% CI, 0.86, 1.00), respectively. Individual milk samples were collected from three cows with experimentally induced mastitis for 21 consecutive days. False-positive results occurred as late as 12 days postchallenge. A moderate but significant (P < 0.01) positive linear correlation (r = 0.61) was observed between test result and somatic cell count (SCC) values in milk samples with SCCs of > 106/ml.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Food Science and Technology and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California–Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, USA 2: Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California–Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, USA

Publication date: 1999-10-01

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