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Reduction of Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7 Numbers on Vacuum-Packaged Fresh Beef Treated with Nisin or Nisin Combined with EDTA

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Nisin or nisin combined with EDTA was used to treat fresh beef. Beef cubes (2.5 by 2.5 by 2.5 cm) that were inoculated with approximately 7 log CFU/ml of Listeria monocytogenes Scott A or Escherichia coli O157:H7 505 B were dipped in the following solutions: (i) H2O, (ii) HCl, (iii) nisin, (iv) EDTA, or (v) nisin combined with EDTA, respectively, for 10 min each, with an exception of one set of control beef samples without treatment. Beef samples were then drip-dried for 15 min, vacuum packaged, and stored at 4°C for up to 30 days. The pH on beef after different treatments was not a key factor in preventing bacterial growth. Treatment with nisin or with nisin combined with EDTA reduced the population of L. monocytogenes by 2.01 and 0.99 log CFU/cm2 as compared to the control, respectively, under the conditions of vacuum package and storage at 4°C for up to 30 days. However, the effect of nisin and nisin combined with EDTA against E. coli O157:H7 505 B was marginal at 1.02 log CFU/cm2 and 0.8 log CFU/cm2 reductions, respectively.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, 122 Eckles Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA

Publication date: 1999-10-01

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