Effects of the Growth Procedure on the Surface Hydrophobicity of Listeria monocytogenes Cells and Their Adhesion to Stainless Steel

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Abstract:

The aim of this study was to examine the physicochemical surface properties and the ability to adhere to stainless steel of three strains of Listeria monocytogenes after different cultivation procedures. To this end, bacteria were cultivated at 37°C after storage at two frequently used temperatures (4°C or −80°C) and were then transferred into the liquid medium (trypticase soy broth supplemented with 6 g liter−1 of yeast extract, pH 7.3) between one and four times. In addition, the influence of supplementing the growth medium with lactic acid was explored, this organic acid being representative of both the dairy and cured meat industries. The hydrophobic/hydrophilic and electron-acceptor/electron-donor characteristics of the strains were evaluated by the microbial adhesion to solvents method. Using this technique, we recorded an increase in the hydrophobic properties of one strain stored at 4°C, with an increasing number of transfers in the media (P < 0.05). Another plant-isolated strain appeared more hydrophobic and stuck better to stainless steel when cells were stored at 4°C rather than at −80°C. Preculturing L. monocytogenes in a lactic acid-supplemented medium increased the affinity of microbial cells to solvents and the bacterial attachment to stainless steel (P < 0.05).

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Laboratoire de Génie de l'Hygiène et des Procédés Alimentaires, Massy, France, SKW Biosystems, Cultures & Enzymes Department, La Ferté sous Jouarre, France 2: Centre National d'Etudes Vétérinaires et Alimentaires, Laboratoire d'Etudes et de Recherches pour l'Alimentation Collective, Maisons-Alfort, France, Sodiaal Union, Paris, France 3: Centre National d'Etudes Vétérinaires et Alimentaires, Laboratoire d'Etudes et de Recherches pour l'Alimentation Collective, Maisons-Alfort, France 4: Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Laboratoire de Génie de l'Hygiène et des Procédés Alimentaires, Massy, France

Publication date: September 1, 1999

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