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Antibacterial Effect of Lactoferricin B on Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Ground Beef

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The antibacterial activity of lactoferricin B on enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 in 1% peptone medium and ground beef was studied at 4 and 10°C. In 1% peptone medium, 50 and 100 μg of lactoferricin B per ml reduced E. coli O157:H7 populations by approximately 0.7 and 2.0 log CFU/ml, respectively. Studies comparing the antibacterial effect of lactoferricin B on E. coli O157:H7 in 1% peptone at pH 5.5 and 7.2 did not reveal any significant difference (P > 0.5) at the two pH values. Lactoferricin B (100 μg/g) reduced E. coli O157:H7 population in ground beef by about 0.8 log CFU/g (P < 0.05). No significant difference (P > 0.5) was observed in the total plate count between treatment and control ground beef samples stored at 4 and 10°C. The antibacterial effect of lactoferricin B on E. coli O157:H7 observed in this study is not of sufficient magnitude to merit its use in ground beef for controlling the pathogen.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Center for Food Safety and Quality Enhancement, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, University of Georgia, Griffin, Georgia 30223-1797, USA

Publication date: July 1, 1999

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