Irradiation of Chewable Tobacco Mixes for Improvement in Microbiological Quality
Abstract:Microbiological quality of chewable tobacco mixes traditionally known as ''Gutkha'' was studied. The microbiological analysis of 15 samples analyzed revealed high bacterial and fungal counts. The total viable counts were in the range of 1.8 × 104 to 7.2 × 104 CFU g−1 and the yeast and mold count from 3.6 × 103 to 7.1 × 104 CFU g−1. The proteolytic and lipolytic counts were 9 × 102 to 2.6 × 103 CFU g−1 and 2.6 × 103 CFU g−1, on an average, respectively. Lecithinase-positive Staphylococcus aureus was found in 2 of the 15 samples analyzed; the counts were up to 3.4 × 103 CFU g−1. Coliform and Salmonella spp. were found to be absent. Aflatoxins B1, B2, and G2 were found to be present in all the samples. These samples were exposed to gamma radiation (60Co) at 1-, 2-, 3-, 5-, 10-, and 25-kGy doses. The decrease in total viable count and fungal count was noticed with increase of radiation dose. The 3-kGy dose was observed to be the sterilization dose for Gutkha. At this dose no survival of organisms was noticed and no revival was observed during postirradiation storage at room temperature for 6 months.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Food and Fermentation Technology Division, University Department of Chemical Technology, University of Mumbai, Matunga, Mumbai-400019, India 2: Food Technology Division, BARC, Mumbai-400085, India
Publication date: June 1, 1999
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