Prevalence of Pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica in Groups of Swine at Slaughter

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Abstract:

In order to estimate the prevalence of swine herds infected with pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica, 103 lots of market swine were randomly selected at slaughter during six 1-month intervals. Pigs within each lot were sampled by swabbing the oral-pharyngeal surface, poststunning and postexsanguination but prescalding. Ninety-five lots (92.2%) contained at least one pig infected with Y. enterocolitica. Pathogenic strains were defined as those harboring the ail gene which has been identified in Y. enterocolitica that causes human clinical disease. Identification of those strains harboring the ail gene was accomplished using a polymerase chain reaction technique. Twenty-nine lots (28.2%) contained at least one pig from which ail-containing (pathogenic) Y. enterocolitica were isolated. Of the 107 pathogenic Y. enterocolitica isolates identified, 89.7% were serotype O:5 and 3.7% were serotype O:3. The results from this study will aid in the design of future epidemiological investigations concerning on-farm prevalence and associated risk factors for pathogenic Y. enterocolitica. Additionally, the results support the hypothesis that swine are a significant potential reservoir for human infections by Y. enterocolitica.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, I102 West Hazelwood Drive, Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA; North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, 4700 Hillsborough St., Raleigh, NC 27606 2: Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, I102 West Hazelwood Drive, Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA 3: Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, I102 West Hazelwood Drive, Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA

Publication date: June 1, 1998

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