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Shelf-Life of Prepeeled Potato Cultivated, Stored, and Processed by Various Methods

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The effects of cultivation conditions, winter storage, peeling method, browning prevention chemicals replacing sodium bisulfite, and packing methods on the sensory, nutritional and microbiological quality of pre-peeled potato were examined. Two different cultivation lots of the potato variety Van Gogh were used. Cultivation and harvesting conditions and peeling method were the most important facts reducing the sensory quality, especially the appearance, of prepeeled and sliced potatoes. Cooking and baking of potatoes decreased the appearance defects detected in raw potatoes. The levels of vitamin C in packaged samples decreased during winter storage. Cooking for 10 min and keeping potatoes at 60°C for 1 h after cooking also decreased the content of vitamin C. In potato samples immediately after treatments aerobic bacteria were present at levels of 400 to 2,950 CFU/g and lactic acid bacteria at levels of 8 to 16 CFU/g. The number of aerobic bacteria did not increase during storage, and the number of lactic acid bacteria increased at the most to 90 CFU/g. Peeling, washing and packaging methods, cultivation conditions, and winter storage did not have important effects on the number of microbes present.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: VTT Biotechnology and Food Research, P.O. Box 1500, FI-02044 Espoo, Finland 2: Agricultural Research Centre of Finland (MIT), Laboratory of Food Chemistry, FI-31600 Jokioinen, Finland

Publication date: May 1, 1998

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