Skip to main content

The Effect of Grain Storage Conditions on the Viability of Fusarium and Deoxynivalenol Production in Infested Malting Barley

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


A continuing outbreak of Fusarium head blight occurred on barley in the upper Midwest from 1993 to 1995. This resulted in barley with levels of the mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) reaching levels of concern for maltsters and brewers. This study evaluated the effect of 7 months of storage under different conditions (ambient outdoor temperature from October to April), −20°C, 4°C, 24°C with quiescent air, and 24°C with forced air) on the viability of Fusarium and Alternaria infesting stored grain. Additionally, the ability of Fusarium to produce DON after storage and during malting was evaluated. Initial levels of infestation of barley by Fusarium and Alternaria were 85 and 75%, respectively. All storage conditions reduced the viability of both molds slightly and significantly for Fusarium. Forced air ventilation at 24°C was the type of storage most effective in reducing the viability of Fusarium, dropping the percentage of infected kernels to 66%. DON levels did not change after 7 months with respect to storage conditions. However, DON levels were lower in malt produced from barley stored at 24°C with or without aeration. On-farm storage of infected barley at elevated temperatures may provide a means to reduce the level of DON in finished malts.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Food and Nutrition, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota 58105, USA; Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37901-1071 2: Department of Cereal Science, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota 58105, USA 3: Department of Plant Science, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota 58105, USA 4: Department of Veterinary and Microbiological Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota 58105, USA

Publication date: January 1, 1998

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more