The ability of two 8-tube most probable number (MPN) techniques to quantitatively recover Salmonella spp. from 26 fresh, naturally contaminated chicken skin samples was compared. Individual macerated skin samples were tested in parallel using a traditional (tMPN) and a miniaturized
(mMPN) analytical procedure. In the tMPN assay, replicate aqueous portions from each macerated sample were preenriched individually in buffered peptone water, selectively enriched in Müller-Kauffmann tetrathionate brilliant green broth (MKTBG), and plated on Rambach agar. Each MKTBG was
also postenriched in M Broth, and the resulting postenrichment culture screened for the presence of Salmonella cells by enrichment serology (ES). Although a similar analytical approach was used in the mMPN assay, it differed from the tMPN in the use of smaller test volumes dispensed
in microplates, and on a sedimented portion of skin macerate as test material. Of the 26 Salmonella-contaminated samples examined in this study, the tMPN coupled to Rambach agar or ES identified 23 and 24 positive samples, respectively. Under homologous conditions, the mMPN detected
all 26 positive Salmonella contaminated samples. The most probable numbers in 100-g skin samples analyzed by the tMPN ranged from 18/100 g to 9,530,000/100 g with a median value of 570/100 g. Levels of contamination by the mMPN procedure ranged from 90/100 g to 556,000/100 g with a
median value of 1,200/100 g. Statistical analysis of experimental data underlined the equivalence of the tMPN and the mMPN procedures and nonequivalence of the Rambach plating and ES conditions. It is suggested that the microplate mMPN coupled to ES offers a reliable and more cost-effective
analytical approach for the quantitative recovery of Salmonella on broiler carcasses.
CNEVA/PLOUFRAGAN Unité Hygiène et Qualité des Produits Avicoles et Porcins, 53–22440 Ploufragan, France
Publication date: November 1, 1997
More about this publication?
IAFP members must first sign in on the right to access full text articles of JFP First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to Members and Institutional subscribers. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Information can be obtained by calling +1 800.369.6337; +1 515.276.3344; fax: +1 515.276.8655, E-mail: email@example.com or Web site: www.foodprotection.org