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Growth Media and Surface Conditioning Influence the Adherence of Pseudomonas fragi, Salmonella typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes Cells to Stainless Steel

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Microorganisms have been shown to adhere to food-contact surfaces and may provide a route for the contamination of processed food. To better understand this phenomenon, the effects of growth media and surface conditioning on the adherence of Pseudomonas fragi, Salmonella typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes cells to stainless steel were studied. The microorganisms were grown in tryptic soy broth (TSB), 1% reconstituted skim milk (RSM) and RSM with 1% sucrose (RSM + S). Stainless-steel surfaces were conditioned by immersion in growth media for 1 h and then were rinsed in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) prior to the adherence assay. After growing in each medium, cells were harvested, resuspended in PBS, and then allowed to contact the stainless steel for 30 min. Adherence was quantified by acridine orange-staining the cells and viewing under epifluorescence microscopy. Growth media had little influence on adherence to stainless steel that had not been preconditioned. P. fragi and L. monocytogenes cells adhered in the highest numbers when grown in RSM plus sucrose. S. typhimurium cells showed the highest level of adherence when grown in TSB. Analysis of variance yielded P values of less than 0.01, indicating that both growth media and surface conditioning were significant in the level of adherence observed.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, 1334 Eckles Ave., St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA; Kohler Mix Specialities, Inc. White Bear Lake, MN 2: Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, 1334 Eckles Ave., St. Paul, Minnesota 55108, USA

Publication date: September 1, 1997

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