Heat-Pasteurization Process for Inactivation of Nonproteolytic Types of Clostridium botulinum in Picked Dungeness Crabmeat

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Development of a heat-pasteurization process is described for picked meat of Dungeness crabs (Cancer magister) contained in oxygen-impermeable flexible pouches. For each time-temperature treatment, 30 samples, each inoculated with an equal mixture of three strains of C. botulinum nonproteolytic type B, for a total of 107 spores, provided the basis for calculation of the thermal resistance (a 7D process). Following heat processing, the crabmeat was removed from the pouches and transferred to enrichment medium where it was incubated anaerobically for 150 days. Endpoints at which spores survived were determined by the presence of toxin in the enrichment medium. Process times ranged from 90 min at 88.9°C to 20.3 min at 94.4°C. D values (the time at each temperature required to reduce the inoculum by 1 log) ranged from 12.9 for the 88.9°C process to 2.9 for the 94.4°C process. The relative sterilization value, Fo was .054 and the pasteurization value, F 16 185, was 240. This pasteurization process safely extends refrigerated shelf life by inactivating spores of Clostridium botulinum nonproteolytic types B, E, and F and also non-spore-forming pathogens such as Listeria monocytogenes. The process does not, however, inactivate the heat-resistant proteolytic strains of C. botulinum or other more heat-resistant spore-formers. The packages and master cartons of the pasteurized product, therefore, should be labeled "Keep refrigerated—Continuous refrigeration below 38°F (3.3°C) required."

Keywords: CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM; DUNGENESS CRAB; HEAT PASTEURIZATION

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA, National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Utilization Research Division, 2725 Montlake Boulevard East, Seattle, Washington 98112, USA 2: Institute for Food Science and Technology, School of Fisheries, University of Washington, 3707 Brooklyn Ave. N.E., Seattle, Washington 98105, USA

Publication date: August 1, 1997

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more