Heat Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Turkey Meat as Affected by Sodium Chloride, Sodium Lactate, Polyphosphate, and Fat Content
Abstract:The purpose of this research was to determine the survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 when heated in ground turkey containing various additives and fat levels. D values and z values were determined for low (3%)- and high (11 %)- fat ground turkey with or without one of three additives: 8% NaCl, 4% sodium lactate, or a mixture of 8% NaCl, 4% sodium lactate, and 0.5% polyphosphate. Products inoculated with E. coli O157:H7 strain 204P were mixed, aseptically placed into thermal-death-time (TDT) tubes which were sealed and heated at 52, 55, 57 and 60°C. Survival was determined by enumeration on phenol red sorbitol agar, and D values were calculated by two methods. Mean D 52 values ranged from 46.8 to 104.8 min; mean D 55 values ranged from 7.7 to 27.2 min; mean D 57 values ranged from 2.7 to 13.0 min; and mean D 60 values ranged from 0.7 to 4.8 min. The greatest survival, as evidenced by higher (P < 0.001) D values, occurred in turkey containing the mixture of additives. The z values ranged from 6.09 to 4.08°C, and higher z values were obtained in turkey meat containing the additive mixture versus other turkey additive formulations. The additives evaluated enhanced survival of E. coli O157:H7 in cooked turkey meat as compared to turkey meat with no additives. In contrast to earlier reports, added fat did not enhance survival (P > 0.05). Product formulation should be a critical consideration when safe cooking processes are developed for ready-to-eat turkey products.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Poultry Science Department and Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, 236 Animal Sciences Building, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849-5416, USA
Publication date: August 1, 1997
More about this publication?
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites