Skip to main content

Isolation and Partial Physiological Characterization of Commercial Strains of Bifidobacteria

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


The genus Bifidobacterium has been suggested to be capable of performing gastrointestinal modifications, providing nutritional value when added to the diet as a probiotic and having an inducing effect on the immune system by enhancing cytokine production. As a consequence, the dairy food industry is introducing bifidobacteria to such products as yogurt, flavored milk, and cottage cheese. The objectives of this project were to characterize isolates of bifidobacteria from commercial suppliers, to isolate and characterize bifidobacteria from dairy products, and to establish and compare their physiological characteristics. Physiological characterization was performed based on phenotypic characteristics, carbohydrate fermentation patterns, enzyme profiles, fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase (F6PPK) assays, and antibiotic sensitivities. The results demonstrated that commercial bifidobacteria strains and those strains isolated from dairy products were physiologically different. This demonstrates that some bifidobacteria present in dairy products may be mischaracterized when identifying their presence based solely on phenotypic characteristics. The difficulty in growth, rapid assessment, and isolation of bifidobacteria from a mixed culture in dairy products was evaluated in this study. X-α-Gal medium was selected as the most suitable for isolation of bifidobacteria from mixed culture products and modified lactobacilli MRS medium for growing pure isolates of bifidobacteria.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, 1334 Eckles Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA

Publication date: May 1, 1997

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more