Characteristics of Low-and High-Fat Beef Patties: Effect of High Hydrostatic Pressure
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to analyze the consequences of applying high pressures (100 and 300 MPa for 5 or 20 min) on characteristics such as water-and fat-binding properties, texture, color, microstructure, and microbiology of low-fat (9.2%) and high-fat (20.3%) beef patties. In nonpressurized patties, the low-fat product exhibited significantly poorer (P < 0.05) binding properties and higher (P < 0.05) Kramer shear force and Kramer energy than did high-fat patties. Although high pressure did not clearly influence the binding properties of low-and high-fat beef patties, it did produce a rise in the Kramer shear force and energy which were more pronounced at 300 MPa. High pressures altered patty color, the extent of alteration depending on fat content, pressure, and pressurizing time. Pressurizing high-and low-fat beef patties at 300 MPa not only produced a lethal effect (P < 0.05) on microorganisms, but caused sublethal damage as well.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Instituto del Frío (CSIC), Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain 2: Instituto de Fermentaciones Industriales (CSIC), Juan de la Cierva, 3, 28006 Madrid, Spain 3: Department of Cellular Biology, Biology Faculty, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Publication date: January 1, 1997
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