Skip to main content

Comparison of the β-Glucuronidase Assay and the Conventional Method for Identification of Escherichia coli on Eosin-Methylene Blue Agar

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


The purpose of this study was to compare the IMViC (indole, methyl red, Voges-Proskauer and citrate utilization) tests with the β-glucuronidase (GUD) assay for the identification of suspect Escherichia coli on Levine's eosin-methylene blue (EMB) agar. After testing 258 suspect E. coli colonies from raw meat and meat products, 163 and 44 were found to be E. coli and non-E. coli, respectively, by both methods. Nine isolates were IMViC positive (i.e., ++-- or -+--) but GUD negative; among these isolates, six were confirmed to be E. coli by API 20E (bioMérieux, Marcy-I'Etoile, France) with the remaining three being non-E. coli. There were 42 isolates that were IMViC negative but GUD positive; among these isolates, seven were pure E. coli cultures, 33 were mixed cultures containing E. coli, and the remaining two were Proteus spp. The sensitivities for the identification of E. coli on EMB were 80.9% (169/209) and 97.1% (203/209), respectively, by the IMViC tests and GUD assay; whereas the specificities were 93.9% (46/49) and 95.9% (47/49), respectively, by the IMViC tests and GUD assay. It is proposed that the GUD assay can be an effective alternative to the conventional IMViC tests for the identification of suspect E. coli on EMB.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Food Industry Research and Development Institute, Box 246, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan, Republic of China 2: Analytical Division, Technical Service Center, Taiwan Meat Development Foundation, Pingtung, Taiwan, Republic of China

Publication date: January 1, 1997

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more