Skip to main content

Rapid Detection of Salmonella spp. in Foods by Combination of a New Selective Enrichment and a Sandwich ELISA Using Two Monoclonal Antibodies against Dulcitol 1-Phosphate Dehydrogenase

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


A rapid-detection method was developed for food-borne dulcitol-positive Salmonella spp. in foods that involves a new preenrichment and selective enrichment system and a sandwich ELISA using two monoclonal antibodies against dulcitol 1-phosphate dehydrogenase. Preenrichment and selective enrichment were in Enterobacteriaceae enrichment mannitol (EEM) broth at 42°C for 6 h and in a new dulcitol-magnesium chloride-pyridinesulfonic acid-brilliant green-novobiocin (DMPBN) medium at 42°C for 27 h, respectively. The cells were collected from the selective enrichment culture and suspended in 0.1 ml of 1 N NaOH for 2 min. The solution was neutralized with 0.1 ml of 2 M Tris-HCl buffer (pH 7.5) and the mixture was used as a sample for ELISA. The detection sensitivity of the ELISA was 105 CFU of Salmonella spp. per ml of culture. Competing non-Salmonella organisms in raw food did not interfere with the detection of Salmonella cells even when present at 107:1 (non-Salmonella: Salmonella ratio) in food. Nonmotile Salmonella gallinarum was detected by the ELISA. The minimum detectable number of initial inoculum of Salmonella typhimurium was 0.69 CFU/25 g of raw chicken after the preenrichment in EEM broth and the selective enrichment in DMPBN medium. The present ELISA method required a total analysis time of 36 h including the preenrichment and selective enrichment periods. The ELISA method was compared with a conventional cultural method for the detection of Salmonella cells in 130 samples of raw foods. Of the samples tested, 16 were Salmonella-positive and 114 samples were negative by both methods. False-positive and false-negative results were not encountered.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Food Science & Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 10-1, Hakozaki 6-chome, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-81 Japan

Publication date: November 1, 1996

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more