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Growing Concerns and Recent Outbreaks Involving Non-O157:H7 Serotypes of Verotoxigenic Escherichia coli

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Abstract:

Verocytotoxin-producing E. coli (VTEC) of serotype O157:H7 have been shown to be important agents of foodborne disease in humans worldwide. While the majority of research effort has been targeted on this serotype it is becoming more evident that other serotypes of VTEC can also be associated with human disease. An increasing number of these non-O157:H7 VTEC have been isolated from humans suffering from HUS and diarrhea. Recently a number of foodborne outbreaks in the USA, Australia, and other countries have been attributed to non-O157:H7 VTEC serotypes. Surveys of animal populations in a variety of countries have shown that the cattle reservoir contains more than 100 serotypes of VTEC, many of which are similar to those isolated from humans. The diversity and complexity of the VTEC family requires that laboratories and public health surveillance systems have the ability to detect and monitor all serotypes of VTEC.

Keywords: ESCHERICHIA COLI; HEMOLYTIC UREMIC SYNDROME; SHIGA-LIKE TOXINS; VEROTOXINS

Document Type: Miscellaneous

Affiliations: 1: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Health of Animals Laboratory, 110 Stone Road West, Guelph, Ontario N1G3W4 Canada 2: Health Canada, Laboratory Centre for Disease Control, Ottawa 3: Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Canada 4: Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, Fergus, Ontario, Canada 5: Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada 6: Health Canada, Laboratory Centre for Disease Control, Ottawa, Canada

Publication date: October 1, 1996

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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