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Polyclonal Antibody-Based ELISA and HPLC Methods for the Determination of Fumonisins in Corn: A Comparative Study

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The performance of an experimental polyclonal antibody (PAb)-based competitive direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (CD-ELISA) developed for the analysis of fumonisins in corn was assessed by comparison with an established high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. The comparative study was conducted using a series of 20 corn samples naturally contaminated with combined fumonisin levels ranging from <0.05 to >5 μg/g (ppm). Linear regression analysis between the results generated by HPLC and CD-ELISA provided correlation coefficients (r) and regression slopes (b) of r = 0.960, b = 1.493 (P < 0.001); r = 0.865, b = 3.903 (P < 0.001); and r = 0.832, b = 0.107 (P < 0.001) for the individual fumonisins B1 (FB1), B2 (FB2) and B3 (FB3), respectively, while corresponding values of r = 0.967, b = 1.059 (P < 0.001) were obtained for the combined FB1, FB2, and FB3 concentrations. In 3 of 18 fumonisin-positive corn samples, combined fumonisin levels determined by CD-ELISA were between 85 and 100% higher than those determined in the same extracts by HPLC, while in 13 other samples, CD-ELISA results were between 1.8 and 53% higher than those determined by HPLC. Conversely, in 2 of 18 samples, CD-ELISA results were lower than those determined by HPLC. The differences recorded between HPLC and the experimental PAb-based CD-ELISA were far less than those previously recorded for other mono- and polyclonal antibody-based CD-ELISA systems. The results indicate that the experimental PAb-based CD-ELISA may be effectively applied for the initial screening for fumonisins in corn.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Programme on Mycotoxins and Experimental Carcinogenesis, Medical Research Council, PO Box 19070, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa 2: Faculty of Pharmacy, 15 Avenue Flahault, F-34060 Montpellier, France 3: Neogen Corporation, 620 Lesher Place, Lansing, Michigan 48912, USA

Publication date: August 1, 1996

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