Skip to main content

Use of Organic Acids To Improve the Chemical, Physical, and Microbial Attributes of Beef Strip Loins Stored at −1°C for 112 Days

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Twenty-one beef strip loins (Institutional Meat Purchasers Specification #180) were cut into equal halves. One-half of each loin was sprayed with a mixture of 2% lactic acid and 2% (vol/vol) acetic acid and the corresponding half was used as a control. The strip loins were stored at −1°C for 0, 7, 14, 28, 56, 84, or 112 days and evaluated for chemical, physical, and microbial properties. The internal pH increased significantly (P < 0.05) beginning at day 56 for all products. Vacuum scores and visible purge scores showed that these qualities became less desirable over storage time. There were no significant differences (P > 0.05) for meat color, fat color, or odor over storage time. Acid-treated strip loins had significantly lower (P < 0.05) visible purge scores than control strip loins. Internal and external pH, vacuum, meat color, fat color, and odor were not affected by acid treatment. In a calculation of time-by-treatment interaction (P < 0.05), acid-sprayed strip loins had less percentage of purge than corresponding controls at 56 and 112 days of storage. Water-holding capacity decreased over 84 days of storage. Anaerobes, lactic acid-producing bacteria, and psychrotroph populations increased significantly (P < 0.05) over storage time but anaerobes and lactic acid-producing bacteria were reduced by acid treatment. Acid-sprayed strip loins had significantly lower aerobic (P < 0.05) and psychrotrophic (P < 0.1) populations than controls after 14 days. These data indicate that an acid spray immediately prior to packaging can reduce some species of bacteria without adversely affecting the physical properties of products stored for 112 days at −1°C.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, Alabama 36849, USA 2: Department of Poultry Science, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, Alabama 36849, USA

Publication date: August 1, 1996

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more