Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay and Microbiologic Culture for Diagnosis of Staphylococcus aureus Intramammary Infection in Cows
Abstract:Recent reports have indicated that the relative sensitivity and specificity of the ELISA test for detection of intramammary infection of cows with Staphylococcus aureus is not as high as originally reported. It has been suggested that antibodies measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) more closely reflect previous infection status rather than current infection status, and that the delay in antibody formation following infection and the persistence of antibodies after elimination of infection may be responsible for some of the discrepancy observed between ELISA and bacterial culture results conducted on the same milk sample. This study (n = 209 cows) was undertaken to determine if an ELISA for S. aureus intramammary infection more closely reflects previous infection status than it does current infection status, and to ascertain whether correction of this time-delay factor substantially improves calculated values of ELISA relative sensitivity and specificity. Receiver-operator curves were constructed to compare different time-related definitions of microbiologic culture results used for comparison with ELISA results. A greater degree of curvature in receiver-operator curves indicated that ELISA results did more closely reflect culture results performed on milk samples taken 1 and 3 weeks previously. Insignificant improvement in sensitivity and specificity occurred when the database was limited to cows (n = 140) with milk production greater than 13.6 kg/day. However, values of sensitivity were all less than or equal to 90%, and values of specificity were all less than 54%.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA
Publication date: January 1, 1996
More about this publication?
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites