Skip to main content

Microbiological Study of León Raw Cow-Milk Cheese, a Spanish Craft Variety

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


The levels of several microbial groups (aerobic mesophilic flora, aerobic psychrotrophic flora, lactic acid bacteria, Micrococcaceae, enterococci, Enterobacteriaceae, and molds and yeasts), and some biochemical parameters were investigated during the manufacture and ripening of four batches of León cow cheese produced from raw milk without the addition of starter cultures. The study of the microbial characteristics of this cheese constitutes the first steP towards the establishment of a starter culture which would allow the making of a product both more uniform and safer from the point of view of health. The total microbial counts were high throughout the elaboration and ripening. Almost all the microbial groups reached their maximum counts in curd and afterwards dropped throughout the ripening process. The greatest drop was shown by Enterobacteriaceae, which had disappeared after 3 months of ripening.

Lactic acid bacteria were the major microbial group, reaching counts similar to the total aerobic mesophilic flora at all sampling points. Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis dominated in milk (62.5% of the isolates obtained in de Man-Rogosa-Sharpe (MRS) agar at this sampling point), curd (82.5% of the isolates obtained at this sampling point) and one-week-old cheese (85% of isolates obtained at this sampling point), while Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei was the most predominant species in eight-week-old cheese (55% of isolates obtained at this sampling point) and twelve-week-old cheese (47.5% of isolates obtained at this sampling point). According to our data, a starter suitable for the production of León cow cheese would be made up of these two species. Some species of Leuconostoc or enterococci could also be added to this starter with the aim of improving the organoleptic characteristics of the final product or to emphasize the characteristics of this variety.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Departamento de Higiene y Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Universidad de León, 24071 León, Spain 2: Area de Tecnologia de los Alimentos, Facultad de Ciencias de Orense, Universidad de Vigo, 32004 Orense, Spain

Publication date: September 1, 1995

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more