Skip to main content

Hot-Fat Trimming Effects on the Microbiological Quality of Beef Carcasses and Subprimals

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Subcutaneous and kidney-pelvic-heart fat were trimmed from one side of each beef carcass (n = 9) immediately after cold water washing. Both sides were sampled for aerobic plate counts (APCs) before being moved to the chill room (0 h) and after 72 h of cold storage. The mean APCs (log10 colony-forming units (CFU)/cm2) of trimmed (HFT) sides at 0 or 72 h were not different (P > 0.05) from those of the nontrimmed (NFT) sides. All sides at 72 h had reduced microbial counts compared to 0 h. By 72 h, HFT sides had numerically lower counts than NFT sides, indicating that the microbial reduction effect of the chill temperature may have been greater on fat-trimmed carcasses than on nontrimmed carcasses. Subprimals from HFT and NFT sides that were trimmed to 0.64-cm fat thickness were microbiologically analyzed before (0 days) and after (14 days) vacuum storage. APCs of all subprimals were slightly reduced after 14 d; however, no difference (P > 0.05) occurred in treatment effect. The mean APC was higher for HFT-side subprimals than for NFT-side subprimals at both 0 and 14 days. This difference probably was due to the fat trimming required for NFT-side subprimals at day 0 as compared to minimal or no trimming of HFT-side subprimals. Those HFT subprimals which were not subsequently trimmed may have picked up additional microorganisms from contact surfaces during fabrication. Based on our trimming protocol, although HFT did not show any negative impact on the microbial quality of carcasses, the higher APC of HFT-side subprimals indicated that extensive trimming may not be effective in improving the microbial quality of meat.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Weber Hall, Manhattan, KS 66506 USA

Publication date: September 1, 1995

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more