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Thermal Resistance of Nonproteolytic Type B and Type E Clostridium botulinum Spores in Phosphate Buffer and Turkey Siurry

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Abstract:

The heat resistance of nonproteolytic type B and type E Clostridium botulinum spores in phosphate buffer and turkey slurry was determined from 70 to 90°C. Thermal-death times were determined in vials heated using a water bath. Recovery of heat-injured spores was on reinforced clostridial medium (RCM) and tryptic soy agar (TSA) with and without added lysozyme (10 μg/ml). Decimal-reduction times (D-values) were determined by fitting a survival model to the data using a curve-fitting program. The apparent or measured heat resistance was maximum with RCM supplemented with lysozyme. The D-values at 80°C for type E spores in buffer ranged from 1.03 min for strain Whitefish to 4.51 min for strain Saratoga. The D-value for the most heat-resistant nonproteolytic type B strain KAP B5 in buffer was 4.31 min at 80°C. The z-values in buffer for all strains were very similar, ranging from 8.35 to 10.08°C. Turkey slurry offered protection to the spores with a concomitant increase in heat resistance. The D-values in turkey slurry ranged from 51.89 min at 70°C to 1.18 min at 85°C for type E strain Alaska (z = 9.90°C) and from 32.53 min at 75°C to 0.80 min at 90°C for nonproteolytic type B strain KAP B5 (z = 9.43°C). Thermal-death-time values from this study will assist food processors to design thermal processes that ensure safety against nonproteolytic C. botulinum in cook/chill foods.

Keywords: CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM; HEAT RESISTANCE; INACTIVATION; SPORES

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Eastern Regional Research Center, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19l18 USA

Publication date: July 1, 1995

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