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Extending Shelf Life of Refrigerated Catfish Fillets Using Sodium Acetate and Monopotassium Phosphate

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The effects of sodium acetate (SA) and monopotassium phosphate (MKP) on total aerobic plate counts (APC), pH, odor, and appearance of catfish fillets during storage at 4°C were determined. Use of 0.75% and 1.0% SA lowered (P < 0.05) initial APC by 0.6 to 0.7 log units compared to the control. Microbial counts of SA-treated fillets remained lower than the control during storage, resulting in a 6-day shelf-life increase. MKP alone had no effect on APC values, but it did influence the activity of SA. The results indicate that a combination of SA and MKP could prolong the microbiological shelf life of catfish to 12 days at 4°C. Fillets treated with 1% SA alone or SA-MKP combinations had pH values and odor scores that were similar to fresh controls for up to 9 days; however, appearance scores were lower after 3 days, probably due to a brownish and watery appearance. MKP alone is not recommended for shelf-life extension of catfish fillets. Conversely, SA alone or combined with MKP is recommended to extend the microbiological shelf life of refrigerated catfish fillets.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Food Science and Technology, Mississippi State University, Box 9805, Mississippi State, MS 39762 USA

Publication date: 1995-06-01

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