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Performance Characteristics and Microbiological Aspects of Broilers Fed Diets Supplemented with Organic Acids

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Abstract:

The effects of supplementation of broiler diets with organic acids on live performance and microbiological parameters were evaluated in a series of experiments. In three trials lactic acid (LA) (0.25 to 2.00%) or fumaric acid (FA) (0.5 to 2.00%), and in two trials a formic/propionic acid blend (FP) (.125 to 1.00%) or citric acid (CA) (0.25 to 2.00%) was continually fed to broilers that were inoculated via the drinking water with 108 to 109 CFU/ml nalidixic acid–resistant Salmonella typhimurium (NAL-SAL) on days 2, 7, and 14. Cecal pH, weight and percentage (on a live-weight basis) were measured at 41 days of age. Performance variables were measured at 21 and 42 days. At 42 days birds were processed and the ceca and prechill carcasses were evaluated for incidence and levels of NAL-SAL. LA, FA, and CA had no adverse effects on live bird performance. The FP blend gave inconsistent results on body weight and feed consumption; the blend did not alter feed conversion or mortality. Neither LA nor FA affected cecal pH; however, the pH was altered when the FP blend or CA was fed. None of the acids affected cecal weight or percentage. None of the acids consistently reduced levels of NAL-SAL in the ceca or on the prechill carcasses. The results from this study and numerous others suggest that feeding organic acids to broilers is not a reliable means of controlling cecal colonization or carcass contamination by Salmonella. The results also suggest that reductions in cecal colonization by pathogens such as Salmonella do not necessarily result in processed carcasses that are contaminated to a lesser degree.

Keywords: COLONIZATION; FEED ADDITIVES; ORGANIC ACIDS; SALMONELLA

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 2: Department of Agricultural Statistics, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701

Publication date: May 1, 1995

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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