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Risk of Salmonellosis Associated with Consumption of Chocolate in Mexico

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To assess the potential risk of salmonellosis associated with consumption of chocolate, the prevalence of Salmonella spp. was investigated in retail wrapped and nonwrapped solid chocolate in Guadalajara, Mexico. Previously, the efficiency of preenrichment and enrichment methods to isolate low numbers of Salmonella in chocolate was compared. Though not completely efficient, a preenrichment in nonfat milk without brilliant green, followed by enrichment in tetrathionate and selenite cystine broths gave better results than the other methods studied. Regarding the survey of retail chocolate, Salmonella was isolated from 2 (4.5%) of 44 samples of wrapped chocolate and from none of 56 samples of nonwrapped chocolate. The serovars identified were Salmonella agona and Salmonella derby. There were no significant differences between coliform counts or total bacterial counts obtained from wrapped and nonwrapped chocolate. The presence of Salmonella in chocolate is of concern due to the several low-infective-dose Salmonella outbreaks that have been linked to chocolate. On the other hand, a technique capable of detecting low numbers of Salmonella in chocolate is still needed.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Laboratorio de MicrobiologĂ­a Sanitaria, Facultad de Ciencias QuĂ­micas, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco 44430, Mexico

Publication date: May 1, 1995

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