Growth Variation Among Species and Strains of Listeria in Culture Broth
Abstract:Culture suspensions of 45 species and strains of Listeria were prepared in tryptic soy broth with 0.6% yeast extract (TSBYE) for 24 h at 37°C, and were then diluted with phosphate buffer solution and standardized to 0.10 ± 0.01 absorbance at 600 nm. Spectrophotometer tubes containing 5 ml of TSBYE (pH 7.2) were inoculated with 0.1 ml of the standardized cultures and incubated at 4, 10 or 37°C. Absorbance readings were taken during storage. Growth curves were fitted using the Gompertz function, and growth parameters were calculated. There were major differences in lag phase duration (LPD), generation time (GT) and exponential growth rate (EGR) among species and strains of Listeria tested. Values for LPD and GT decreased (P <0.05) with increasing temperature of incubation, while EGR and maximum population density (MPD) values increased. Lag phase duration and GT values at a given temperature were lower for Listeria monocytogenes compared to other Listeria spp. At 4°C, LPDs for L. monocytogenes strains ranged from 69.8 to 270.8 h. Of the L. monocytogenes cultures tested, strain Scott A had the longest average (209.8 ± 0.1) h LPD at 4°C. At 10°C, LPDs ranged from 36.5 to 68.9 h, with Scott A being again one of the strains with the longest average LPD (62.8 ± 0.7 h). At 37°C, LPDs ranged from 4.4 to 11.1 h. Variation was also observed in GT and EGR, especially at 4°C. Although there were major variations in growth parameters due to strain and temperature, no significant (P >0.05) trends were observed in average values among different sero-types of L. monocytogenes tested.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Animal Sciences, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523
Publication date: September 1, 1994
More about this publication?
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites