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Development and Evaluation of Oligonucleotide DNA Probes for Detection and Genotyping of Shiga-like Toxin Producing Escherichia coli

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Use of antisense oligonucleotide probes (OP) for detection and genotyping of Shiga-like toxin producing Escherichia coli (SLTEC) was evaluated. Based on published deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequences of the A subunits of Shiga-like toxin (SLT) I and II genes, three synthetic antisense OP were constructed (OP-1, -2 and -3). Their use for detection and genotyping of SLTEC was evaluated and the results were compared to those obtained using cloned toxin-gene probe fragments. Both the OP-1 and OP-2 hybridized with all 69 SLT-I and II producing strains. Furthermore, the OP-1 hybridized only with all 18 SLT-I-only producing strains, and the OP-2 hybridized only with all 48 SLT-II-only producing strains. OP-3, a pool of four OP, detected all SLTEC strains regardless of toxin genotype. None of the OP hybridized to any of the 91 SLT-negative strains. These results demonstrate the three OP to be unique reagents for SLTEC epidemiological studies.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Environmental Health, SB-75, University of Washington Seattle, Washington 98195 2: Institute for Food Science & Technology, HF-10, University of Washington Seattle, Washington 98195

Publication date: May 1, 1994

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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