Effect of Sodium Lactate on Toxin Production, Spore Germination and Heat Resistance of Proteolytic Clostridium botulinum Strains

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

The effect of sodium lactate and sodium lactate combined with sodium chloride (NaCl) on toxin production by proteolytic strains of Clostridium botulinum was determined in peptone-yeast extract medium, pH 6.1. Both inhibitors were also tested for their effect on thermal destruction of spores. Additionally, the effect of sodium lactate on germination of spores was assessed. The inhibitory effect of sodium lactate was dependent on the applied incubation temperature. The best inhibition was obtained at low temperatures. Toxin production was delayed at 15 and 20°C by sodium lactate concentrations of 2 and 2.5%, respectively. Complete inhibition of toxin production at 15, 20 and 30°C occurred at concentrations of 3, 4 and >4%, respectively. Further, sodium lactate inhibited germination of the C. botulinum spores, which may partially explain the inhibitory effect of sodium lactate on growth and toxin formation. The inhibitory effect of NaCl at concentrations resulting in an identical water activity value as obtained by sodium lactate was negligible, indicating that the inhibitory effect of sodium lactate was not caused by decreasing water activity. No clear synergistic effect of sodium lactate (1.5 or 2.5%) and NaCl (2.1%) was observed.

Keywords: PROTEOLYTIC CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM STRAINS; SODIUM LACTATE; SPORE GERMINATION; TOXIN PRODUCTION

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Agricultural University of Wageningen, Department of Food Science, Bomenweg 2, 6703 HD Wageningen, The Netherlands 2: National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection, Laboratory of Water and Food Microbiology, P.O. Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands

Publication date: April 1, 1994

More about this publication?
  • IAFP members must first sign in on the right to access full text articles of JFP

    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to Members and Institutional subscribers. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Information can be obtained by calling +1 800.369.6337; +1 515.276.3344; fax: +1 515.276.8655, E-mail: info@foodprotection.org or Web site: www.foodprotection.org
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more