Thermal Resistance of Bacillus stearothermophilus Spores Heated in Acidified Mushroom Extract

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The thermal resistance of Bacillus stearothermophilus spores was studied in bidistilled water as the reference medium, mushroom extract and acidified mushroom extract. Citric acid and glucono-δ-lactone were used as acidulants. Results indicated that mushroom extract affects the heat resistance of spores; D values were lower than for those in bidistilled water. The pH effect was lower with higher treatment temperatures. Acidification reduced the thermal resistance of spores, the reduction being similar for both types of acidulants, and in general it also had the effect of increasing the z values. It has been confirmed that acidification of the canned mushrooms could actually help to control the thermophilic spoilage. This acidification could also be obtained by the use of glucono-δ-lactone, which has been shown to be as effective as citric acid in reducing the heat resistance of spores.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Centro De Edafologia Y Biologia Aplicada Del Segura, (C.S.I.C.) Apartado De Correos 4195, 30080 Murcia, Spain

Publication date: January 1, 1994

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