The Retractable Roof and Movable Field at University of Phoenix Stadium, Arizona
Abstract:University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona, USA is one of the first in a second generation of US multipurpose stadium venues that serve both the primary sports tenant and the community that funded the stadium construction. Built as the first permanent home of the Arizona Cardinals National Football League (NFL) franchise, the stadium also hosts the Arizona Sports and Tourism Authority (AZSTA) as an equal cotenant charged with utilizing the venue facilities beyond the eight NFL game days each year. Central to the design program was the ability for the building to be functional, flexible, and rapidly adaptable to the needs of both tenants, while demonstrating a world-class architectural design. Enabling the rapid adaptability of the stadium are two key kinetic structures. The 46 000 sq. m, 213 m span roof structure includes a 9000 sq. m movable roof that retracts to create an opening over the playing field. In addition, the playing field is mounted inside a giant movable tray structure that glides out of the south end of the stadium to reveal a state-of-the-art trade show floor. This article describes the structural design and construction of the roof and field structural systems.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2008
Structural Engineering International (SEI), the quarterly Journal of IABSE, published since 1991, is the leading international journal of structural engineering dealing with all types of structures and materials. SEI offers its readers a unique blend of short profiles on recent structures, and longer, in-depth technical articles on research, development, design, construction and maintenance. Articles are written by practicing engineers and academia from around the world and reflect the high standards of IABSE. IABSE Peer Review stamps are given to papers that have passed through a highly selective review process and demonstrate a significant contribution to the state of structural engineering knowledge.To recognise contributions of the highest quality, an Outstanding Paper Award is presented each year.
SEI is printed in Switzerland; ISSN 1016-8664; E-ISSN 1683-0350
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