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Trends in Steel-Concrete Composite Bridges in Japan

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Abstract:

Bridges in Japan are exposed to extreme natural forces in the form of earthquakes, typhoons, floods, tidal and wave actions, ground subsidence and landslides, in addition to heavy vehicle loads. The use of steel-concrete composite elements is widespread in Japanese bridges today. Numerous new types of steel-concrete composite bridge structures are being investigated and developed in order to benefit from the structural integrity and performance, ductility and economy of construction offered by steel-concrete composite bridge decks and piers. This paper presents the steel-concrete composite bridge trends in Japan, focusing mainly on composite girders, slabs and columns.

Keywords: Composite columns; Composite girders; Ductility; Steel-concrete composite bridge structures; Steel-concrete composite slabs

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2749/101686698780489540

Publication date: February 1, 1998

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    Structural Engineering International (SEI), the quarterly Journal of IABSE, published since 1991, is the leading international journal of structural engineering dealing with all types of structures and materials. SEI offers its readers a unique blend of short profiles on recent structures, and longer, in-depth technical articles on research, development, design, construction and maintenance. Articles are written by practicing engineers and academia from around the world and reflect the high standards of IABSE. IABSE Peer Review stamps are given to papers that have passed through a highly selective review process and demonstrate a significant contribution to the state of structural engineering knowledge.To recognise contributions of the highest quality, an Outstanding Paper Award is presented each year.

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