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Three Years at Sea: Kansai Airport Settles Down

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Kansai International Airport opened in September 1994 as the world's first full-scale international airport built offshore on reclaimed land. The passenger terminal building, which is the main facility, is 1700 m long with a total floor area of approximately 300 000 m². The terminal features a vast wing-like roof curving over the entire length of the building and creating long-span open spaces for the arrival and departure concourses. Since the site is reclaimed land, due care was taken in the structural design of the terminal to cope with ongoing ground settlement. This paper outlines the soil conditions at the manmade island and the structural scheme of the terminal, particularly the roof, and then focuses on the structural design measures undertaken against differential settlement.

Keywords: Differential settlements; Jack-up system; Kansai International Airport (Japan); Reclamation materials; Roof structures; Soil conditions; Structural design

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 1998-02-01

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    Structural Engineering International (SEI), the quarterly Journal of IABSE, published since 1991, is the leading international journal of structural engineering dealing with all types of structures and materials. SEI offers its readers a unique blend of short profiles on recent structures, and longer, in-depth technical articles on research, development, design, construction and maintenance. Articles are written by practicing engineers and academia from around the world and reflect the high standards of IABSE. IABSE Peer Review stamps are given to papers that have passed through a highly selective review process and demonstrate a significant contribution to the state of structural engineering knowledge.To recognise contributions of the highest quality, an Outstanding Paper Award is presented each year.

    SEI is printed in Switzerland; ISSN 1016-8664; E-ISSN 1683-0350
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