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Damages to Steel Structures Caused by the 1995 Kobe Earthquake

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The Kobe Earthquake, with a magnitude of 7.2 on the Richter scale, that struck at 5:46 in the morning of January 17, 1995, caused considerable and various types of damage in the Hanshin area around the cities of Kobe and Osaka in Japan. About 6,000 people died and about 300,000 buildings, many bridges, road and rail viaducts, port facilities and other structures were damaged. It appears that many lives were lost through the collapse of houses, and nearly 90% of these houses were composed of wood members. In recent earthquakes in Japan, the performance of steel structures has been fairly good due to steel's ductile properties. However, after the Kobe Earthquake, various new types of damage were found among steel structures.
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Keywords: 1995 Kobe Earthquake; Brittle fracture; Local buckling; Steel structures; Welded joints

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1996-08-01

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    Structural Engineering International (SEI), the quarterly Journal of IABSE, published since 1991, is the leading international journal of structural engineering dealing with all types of structures and materials. SEI offers its readers a unique blend of short profiles on recent structures, and longer, in-depth technical articles on research, development, design, construction and maintenance. Articles are written by practicing engineers and academia from around the world and reflect the high standards of IABSE. IABSE Peer Review stamps are given to papers that have passed through a highly selective review process and demonstrate a significant contribution to the state of structural engineering knowledge.To recognise contributions of the highest quality, an Outstanding Paper Award is presented each year.

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