Design in Nature
Abstract:The structural forms of load-carriers in nature, e.g., trees and bones, have evolved to assure the survival of a species. Structural optimization in nature can provide valuable guidance to engineers designing structures or components. Investigations have shown that the axiom of constant stress determines the structural design of biological load-carriers. Based on this axiom and using the finite element method, computer programs have been developed to transfer biological optimization mechanisms to mechanical and structural engineering design tasks.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1, 1996
Structural Engineering International (SEI), the quarterly Journal of IABSE, published since 1991, is the leading international journal of structural engineering dealing with all types of structures and materials. SEI offers its readers a unique blend of short profiles on recent structures, and longer, in-depth technical articles on research, development, design, construction and maintenance. Articles are written by practicing engineers and academia from around the world and reflect the high standards of IABSE. IABSE Peer Review stamps are given to papers that have passed through a highly selective review process and demonstrate a significant contribution to the state of structural engineering knowledge.To recognise contributions of the highest quality, an Outstanding Paper Award is presented each year.
SEI is printed in Switzerland; ISSN 1016-8664; E-ISSN 1683-0350
Abstracted and indexed at: Web of ScienceSM; Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch); Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition; Current ContentsR/Engineering, Computing and Technology; CAB Abstracts database; INSPEC, CBA and others.
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