Assembly of MHC class I molecules within the endoplasmic reticulum
Source: Immunologic Research, Volume 35, Numbers 1-2, February 2006 , pp. 151-162(12)
Publisher: Humana Press
Abstract:MHC class I molecules bind cytosolically derived peptides within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and present them at the cell surface to cytotoxic T cells. A major focus of our laboratory has been to understand the functions of the diverse proteins involved in the intracellular assembly of MHC class I molecules. These include the molecular chaperones calnexin and calreticulin, which enhance the proper folding and subunit assembly of class I molecules and also retain assembly intermediates within the ER; ERp57, a thiol oxidoreductase that promotes heavy chain disulfide formation and proper assembly of the peptide loading complex; tapasin which recruits class I molecules to the TAP peptide transporter and enhances the loading of high affinity peptide ligands; and Bap31, which is involved in clustering assembled class I molecules at ER exit sites for export along the secretory pathway. This review describes our contributions to elucidating the functions of these proteins; the combined effort of many dedicated students and post-doctoral fellows.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Medical Sciences Bldg., M5S 1A8, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 2: Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Medical Sciences Bldg., M5S 1A8, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date: 2006-02-01