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Open Access Assessment of fexofenadine hydrochloride permeability and dissolution with an anionic surfactant using Caco-2 cells

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Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to estimate the effect of the anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) on the permeability and dissolution of fexofenadine hydrochloride (FEX) and the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) with Caco-2 cells. The dissolution profile of FEX was evaluated at different pH values (1.2, 3.2, 4.2, 4.5, 5.2 and 6.8) at 37 ± 0.5 °C and chracterized in presence of SDS. The dissolution of FEX was increased in the presence of SDS. For permeability studies, apical to basolateral and basolateral to apical permeability was assesed with various concentrations of FEX (50, 100, 500, 1000 and 5000 μM) and in the presence of SDS. The FEX transport changed with 10 and 50 μM of SDS and the TEER values, after 120 min, decreased. In conclusion, a low and concentration-dependent permeability was found for FEX across the Caco-2 cells. FEX transport increased and TEER decreased with increasing SDS concentrations. These results supports the use of SDS as anionic surfactant in these concentration; SDS can be used safely as permeation and dissolution enhancer for the oral delivery of FEX.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1691/ph.2011.1054

Publication date: 2011-10-01

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  • Pharmazie is a leading journal in the field of pharmaceutical sciences. As a peer-reviewed scientific journal, Pharmazie is regularly indexed in the relevant databases like Web of science, Journal Citation Reports and many others. The journal is open for submissions from the whole spectrum of pharnaceutical sciences including Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Drug Analysis, Pharmaceutics, Pharmaceutical Biology, Clinical Pharmacy etc.
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