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Open Access Saccharomyces cerevisiae intervention for relieving flutamide-induced hepatotoxicity in male rats

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The aim of this work was to investigate the protective role of baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae against the hepatotoxic effect of the drug flutamide that is widely used for treatment of metastatic prostate adenocarcinoma. Administration of flutamide to adult male rats in a dose of 100 mg/kg.b.w. daily for 15 days resulted in serious hepatic injury. Highly significant increase in each of serum ALT, ALP, bilirubin, bile acids and cholesterol level, relative to the control group, was observed. Also, a highly significant increase in the serum glutathione-S-transferase isoforms: α-GST and π-GST and each of TNF-αand NO levels was recorded. Moreover, highly significant decrease in hepatic glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities was observed. In addition, the authors noticed a significant increase in serum testosterone levels with concomitant highly significant increase in serum acid phosphatase activity. Prophylactic treatment of male rats with baker's yeast in a dose of 4.8 mg/kg b.w. daily for 15 days, followed by a combination of flutamide (100 mg/kg b.w.) and yeast (4.8 mg/kg b.w.) daily for other 15 days resulted in marked improvement in rat's liver function, whereas the serum testosterone and acid phosphatase levels retained values parallel to those recorded for the flutamide-treated rats. Histological examination of liver tissues showed that flutamide caused hydropic degeneration, necrotic areas and marked increase in Kupffer cells. The central vein is congested with blood and signs of apoptosis appeared in the hepatocytes in the form of fragmentation of the nuclei and blebbing of the cytoplasm. On the other hand, in the rats treated with both yeast and flutamide, the hepatic cords were more regularly arranged, signs of degeneration or apoptosis were less pronounced and some hepatocytes appeared binucleated. The authors postulate that each one of the powerful antioxidative components in S. cerevisiae effectively participated in attenuation of the oxidative stress caused by flutamide metabolites, and in promoting regeneration of new hepatocytes and meanwhile could restore liver function beyond normal status.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Medical Physiology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt 2: Hormones Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt, Email: [email protected] 3: Hormones Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt 4: Pathology Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt

Publication date: 2005-09-01

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