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South Africa

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In the broadest sense, CSR refers to the role of business in society. It entails how business is governed, and how it contributes to a just and sustainable society. In South Africa (SA), CSR is also called corporate citizenship, corporate social investment and corporate social and environmental responsibility. Corporate governance is largely seen as an element of corporate citizenship.

The development of CSR in SA was greatly influenced by the county's history of apartheid. While this period saw business implicated in the exploitation of black labour, as well as low occupational health, safety and environmental standards, it also gave rise to early manifestations of voluntary business initiatives that pushed for government policy changes (Carapinha and de Jongh 2008).

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 14, 2010

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