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The history of modern Singapore began when the British East India Company established a trading post on the island of Singapore. The place prospered and grew from a sleepy fishing village to a cosmopolitan city with migrants from Asia and beyond. Consequently, British commercial interests took precedence. Under these circumstances, individual philanthropy, as well as community self-help initiatives organised along ethnic, clan and religious lines, have been cornerstones of Singapore's social network ever since. In essence, philanthropy and community self-help initiatives responded to a lack of social welfare provisions under the colonial government (Mohamed et al. 2008: 17).

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 14, 2010

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