Abstract:Formally established as a republic in 1847 by freed and resettled slaves, Liberia's history is peppered with political struggles between a small ruling class and the majority of indigenous Liberians. Its 3.49 million people are spread out over 111,370 km2 of mostly forested land. A violent overthrow of the former ruling class by a mainly indigenous military in 1980 was followed by more upheavals, which resulted in a 14-year civil war that ended in 2003. The election of a member of the former ruling class in 2005 and the presence of over 14,000 UN peacekeepers has so far kept the peace and maintained stability.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 14, 2010