China

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Abstract:

Present-day China is influenced by over 5,000 years of history. In 1949, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China and collectivised agriculture, outlawed private enterprise and steered a socialist ship of state. By the early 1980s, China, under Chairman Deng Xiaoping, saw private enterprises re-emerge, transforming China's economy from centrally-planned to market-based.

Since the 1980s, there have been significant economic reforms, a strong state hand and openness to trade, investment and outside culture. China has become a land where, as Chairman Deng Xiaoping said, ‘to get rich is glorious’, but deep economic divides remain. In 2007, China's Gini coefficient was 0.496, one of the highest in the world. Despite its impressive economic growth, China has mounting social issues and challenging environmental problems.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9774/GLEAF.978-1-907643-09-5_17

Publication date: June 14, 2010

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  • The World Guide to CSR: A Country-by-Country Analysis of Corporate Sustainability and Responsibility
    The World Guide to CSR is the first book to provide comparable national profiles that describe the evolution and practice of Corporate Sustainability and Responsibility (CSR) for 58 countries and 5 global regions. Each regional and national profile includes key information about the relevant CSR history, country-specific issues, trends, research and leading organisations. The purpose of the book is to give CSR professionals (including managers, consultants, academics and NGOs focusing on the social, environmental and ethical responsibilities of business) a quick reference guide to CSR in different regional and national contexts. This unique resource will be an essential acquisition for all organisations who need to benchmark their CSR strategies throughout different regions and cultures and want the best possible intelligence on the key issues and concerns relating to corporate social responsibility in all of the markets in which they operate.
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