Streiken im austrofaschistischen ,,Ständestaat" 1934–1938

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The history of the Austrian "Ständestaat", whose character is still debated, is closely linked to the phenomenon of strike. Although the analysis of strike activities has the potential to contribute to the discussion about this political system's functioning, scholars did not pay much attention to the topic yet. This article gives an overview on the institutional pattern of industrial relations in Austro-Fascism, tries to reconstruct the tendencies of striking in Austria between 1934 and 1938 and analyses the case study of the 1936 strikes in the Viennese car industry comparing them to the same year's Opel strike in Nazi Germany. On balance, the example of striking shows that Austro-Fascism was a rather chaotic system, which never managed to implement even the cornerstones of its own ideology. Neither did the system of forced arbitration ever work, nor was it in concrete conflicts foreseeable whether the government would react with mediation or try to suppress workers' protest.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2009

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  • Founded in 1903, Vierteljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte is the oldest German periodical of social and economic history. The international, peer-reviewed journal features original articles in German, English, French and Italian.

    Today, VSWG is edited by Günther Schulz, Jörg Baten, Markus A. Denzel, Gerhard Fouquet and Hans Pohl and deals with all aspects of social history, social developments from the Middle Ages to today, as well as history of finance and economic history.

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